Why Do I Need a Dog Dentist?
Your dog can have many of the same disorders as humans with his mouth and teeth. It is very important to use a veternarian that is also a dog dentist to clean your dog’s teeth as well as to provide care for painful oral procedures. Pet parents must recognize that teeth cleaning at their animal hospital is a part of pet grooming.
When bacteria infects the tissue around your dog’s teeth, it causes inflammation in the gums, as well as the surrounding bone and the ligaments that hold the teeth around the jawbone. This is the number one cause of tooth loss in your canine family members that is preventable. According to the Merck Veterinary Manual, gum disease can occur from improper oral hygiene of your pet or it can be genetic, caused by diet, be breed specific or due to age. Cat grooming and dog grooming includes cleaning your pet’s teeth and gums for good oral hygiene.
Gingivitis in Dogs
Bacterial plaque inflames gums in the form of gingivitis. This is the first stage leading to gum disease. Many dogs experience bad breath and gums that bleed when touched. This is a painful condition for your dog, although a dog dentist can clean your four-legged family member’s teeth including below the gum line to reverse it. If not treated properly at this stage, your pet will develop periodontitis.
Periodontitis in Dogs
The tissue damage is more severe in dogs when gingivitis is not corrected and it includes gums, bone and ligaments. This occurs after having several years of gingivitis with plaque and tartar buildup. Feeding your dog hard kibble rather than canned or soft food helps to clean his teeth better as he chews and can prevent canine gum diseases. This condition can also be treated with a professional animal teeth cleaning including below the gum line and home care of brushing your dog’s teeth, oral rinses, plaque prevention gels and a change of diet.
Endodontic Tooth Disease
This tooth disease occurs inside of the canine teeth in the form of cavities, fractured teeth and tooth decay. If endodontic disease is caught early through dental cleanings with x-rays, your pet can have a tooth extraction or a root canal to correct the painful tooth problem.
Cavities in Dogs
Tooth decay or cavities are quite uncommon in dogs. However, a pet dentist can discover a cavity through x-rays and routine teeth cleanings and place a filling in the cavity in the same manner as human cavities are filled.
Face or Jaw Trauma
In the case that your canine family member has a severe accidents and incurs trauma to his face or jaw, he may need to have a tooth pulled or a crown. In extreme cases, the jaw may need to stabilized and require pins or wires for it to heal. A professional pet hospital is needed for this type of treatment that takes about 6 to 8 weeks to heal properly.
Puppies are all born with an overbite so they can nurse on their mothers. The lower jaw has a growth spurt to keep up with the puppy’s growing nutrition need when they start eating solid food. The lower teeth may come in before the correct time for the bottom jaw to grow longer, this makes the upper jaw catch behind the lower jaw. The correction for an under- or over-bite in puppies in generally to remove some of the puppy teeth so the jaw grows in correctly. Puppy’s may also retain puppy teeth and grow adult teeth resulting in too many teeth for their mouth. A pet dentist will remove the puppy teeth that don’t fall out to prevent pain. Some puppies may also have dog braces to move teeth into the correct position if they are unaligned to encourage good eating habits.