Feline Urinary Tract Disease
Cats that start urinating too frequently, stop using the litter box and have bloody urine may have an inflamed bladder or a urinary tract infection. Veterinarians suspect that viruses or interstitial cystitis contribute to the development of urinary tract disease in cat but have yet to pinpoint the exact cause. Cats that are stressed due to moving to another home or having to deal with the addition of a new cat in the household can suffer reduced immune system functioning that can also lead to urinary tract infections.
An pet hospital veterinarian may prescribe medications to relieve UTI symptoms, depending on the severity of the infection. Additional treatments for feline urinary tract disease include feeding the cat smaller meals throughout the day and making sure the cat drinks plenty of water to help flush the urinary system of any irritants or toxins that could be inflaming the urinary tract and bladder.
Chylamydiosis is the medical term for feline upper respiratory infection, a highly contagious, bacterial infection affecting a cat’s lungs and airways. Symptoms include a runny nose, watery eyes, appetite loss and coughing and sneezing that continues for more than 24 hours. Diagnosis of chylamydiosis is made after a pet hospital veterinarian tests a sample of the cat’s eye discharge for bacteria. Occasionally, pneumonia bacteria is present in the sample, which requires X-rays of the cat’s lungs to determine the extent of the illness. Cats with upper respiratory infections are given antibiotics in oral form or as eyedrops and need to remain on a regimen of antibiotics for several weeks to completely eliminate the infection.
Contact with debris, rodent feces or dirt containing roundworms will quickly infect a cat if the animal touches the worms with his paw and then licks his paw, or sniffs the worms, gets worms on his nose and then licks his nose. Roundworms attach themselves to the cat’s small intestinal walls and may cause malnutrition if not eliminated by deworming medication provided by a veterinarian at an animal hospital.
The Importance of Animal Teeth Cleaning–Cat Gingivitis (Gum Disease)
Unless examined regularly by a pet dentist, cats can develop feline gingivitis when accumulations of plaque and tartar destroy dental enamel and gum tissue. Cats with gum disease will have visibly yellow stains on their teeth at the gum line, bad breath, loose teeth and swollen gums that seep blood. If a veterinarian diagnoses a cat with gingivitis, the cat will need anesthetized so a pet dentist can thoroughly clean the cat’s teeth and gums.
Keep Your Cat Healthy and Happy–the Essentials
In addition to providing cats with a protein-rich diet, plenty of fresh water, professional pet grooming sessions, check-ups at an established animal hospital and lots of love, owners of multiple cats may want to consider using self-cleaning litter boxes to help keep cats cleaner and healthier. These time-saving, self-servicing litter boxes also encourage cats that are finicky about their litter box to use the box consistently instead of spraying or urinating elsewhere in the home.